Dual diagnosis is being used to describe the co-occurrence of mental illness and substance-abuse problem of an individual. A wide series of psychosocial issues and various relating illnesses can be experienced by an individual who has dual diagnosis.A person’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects are all affected when one faces dual diagnosis. It should be taken into story that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two disconnected illnesses. There is an interaction of these two illnesses. The illnesses may exacerbate each other and each disorder predisposes to relapse in the other disease. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
Dual diagnosis can be explained in many ways. One of them is the causality theory. Causality theory proposes that there are kinds of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. The proofs of the connections on the use of marijuana and the developing of psychosis is an example. Another theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are dangerous factors that direct to acquiring dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are connection with people who uses drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also another theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It explains that there are individuals with severe mental illness who has vulnerabilities either psychological or biological. One’s genes and environment can caused this vulnerability. These vulnerabilities can result in acquiring a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. Dual diagnosis is settling in.
There are many problems that dual diagnosis brings. In most cases, only one illness is being identified which can result to the lack of treatment being given to the patient. The defiance which is almost always there in different cases is also a problem. These create therapists and psychiatrists to have a tough time identifying dual diagnosis and make them recommend treatments that would only provide a little help.
Proper treatments for this kind of condition are quite a problem. A person with dual diagnosis would find it hard to locate a treatment center that would help his or her condition recover. A treatment center that caters to the problem of substance abuse decline to admit someone with serious mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the healing of people with serious mental conditions is not proficient in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
There are different co-occurring illnesses that can be identified as dual diagnosis. It’s not just all about substance abuse and mental illness. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. In the field of psychology, dual diagnosis is quite new which explains the fact of its problems regarding treatment. As day to day progresses, who knows a treatment center might open for the special cases of persons with dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis is more than the co-occurrence of substance abuse and mental illness. It can also be the co-occurrence of depression and alcohol abuse among many others.