Summary of Heroin
Heroin is an incredibly addictive substance classified as an opioid, and is derived from the opium plant. It comes particularly from the opium poppy seed and is located in Southeast or Southwest Asia, Mexico or Columbia. The effects of using heroin can be life-threatening if the case is severe. Individuals that take heroin can end up being addicted, because of its’ overwhelming high feeling as well as euphoria that it creates in a person’s body while using it.
“Although heroin use in the general population is rather low, the numbers of people starting to use heroin have been steadily rising since 2007”
Heroin was first introduced in 1898 by a firm in Germany called Bayer Pharmaceutical and was marketed as a therapy for tuberculosis in addition to a treatment for morphine dependency. It was meant to be a better option for trouble with opium addiction. It was soon learned that morphine dependency was a much worse problem than opium dependency.
Side Effects of Heroin Use
The effects of heroin can take place soon after one single dosage and last for approximately a couple of hours. The way that heroin is used will affect how quickly it goes into the body. Typically, injecting heroin right into your blood vessels or muscle mass will generate a quicker “high” than by snorting or smoking it.
The preliminary side effects consist of:
- Preliminary ecstasy and also a rush
- Itchiness of the skin
- Flushing in the skin
- Heavy extremities
- Dry mouth
- Impaired psychological state
A serious and also dangerous risk of heroin use is to overdose. When someone takes heroin, it starts to depress a person’s heart rate and breathing rate to the point that they will not have the ability to survive without the assistance of a physician.
“In 2015, over 13,000 people died of heroin overdoses in the United States. Heroin is sold illegally, so there is no control over the quality or strength of the drug. Also, it is sometimes mixed with other poisonous substances.”
An overdose can take place with someone that uses heroin one-time, or it can occur with an addict who uses heroin frequently. Most people who use heroin take it in conjunction with other medications such as pain medications or alcohol. The combination of these sorts of medications can be very hazardous, as well as trigger problems or overdose to happen.
It can be difficult to identify the difference between someone being truly “high” on heroin and an individual that may be overdosing from heroin. A person who is “high” will present dilated pupils, sluggishness, slurred speech and drowsiness. In spite of these signs and symptoms, they typically will respond to other stimulation such as loud noises or a person shaking them.
If you think a person you know is dealing with a heroin overdose, it is necessary to not leave them alone and to call a professional staff member from a heroin treatment center.
Signs of Overdose
- Loss of awareness
- Pulse (heartbeat) is slow-moving or irregular
- Fingernails and lips turn blue or purple black
- For lighter skinned people, the complexion transforms blue purple, for darker skinned individuals, it turns grayish
- Unresponsive to outside stimulation
- Face is pale or clammy
- Body is limp
- Awake, however unable to speak
- Breathing is slow as well as shallow, irregular, or has actually stopped
- Choking noises, or a snore-like gurgling noise
Withdrawal of Heroin
Withdrawals from heroin can be unpleasant because of the symptoms that occur from the lack of the drug in the body. Even if your withdrawal signs are not extreme, you will likely have a much more comfortable experience with them in a heroin therapy center as opposed to attempting to manage them at home on your own.
Some of the symptoms of withdrawal can consist of:
- Muscular aches or bone pain
- Looseness of the bowels
- Throwing up
- Cold flashes with goose bumps
- High-blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Extreme clinical depression
Addiction to Heroin
Heroin is one of one of the most hazardous and also dangerous drugs that is out there, and although it is reasonably inexpensive, people will spend a significant amount of money each day to maintain their habit of using the substance.
“Out of everyone who tries heroin for the first time, nearly one in four become addicted”
Heroin works by creating chemicals in the brain that create overwhelming “high” feelings from greater quantities of dopamine and endorphins. The brain then, determines that these chemicals are triggering this boost in arousal and therefor causing it to yearn for more to acquire the same results. This, coupled with the uneasy withdrawal symptoms that can happen when stopping the drug, can cause individuals to have a tough time quitting their heroin habit.
Treatment for Heroin
Treatment for addiction to heroin will call for several kinds of therapy consisting of behavioral therapy, support groups, lifestyle adjustments and also perhaps medication. There are inpatient and outpatient treatment programs available that will help treat a dependency to heroin.
“Due to the symptoms of withdrawal and the psychological grip heroin has on its users, a treatment center usually offers the best chances of a successful recovery.”
People that struggle with heroin addiction commonly have co-occurring disorder that call for a dual diagnosis and special therapy in order to help them achieve success with their recovery.
Types of Therapy for Heroin
Consulting with a therapist or medical professional can help establish the reason behind the dependency and also helps develop appropriate coping techniques and approaches to avoid using the drug.
Inpatient or Residential Therapy
The highest rate of success for heroin treatment is usually a person that goes to an inpatient therapy facility where they get 24-7 treatment by skilled professionals and support groups. This allows the person to have the necessary assistance when resolving the feelings around their dependency.
12-step programs and other support meetings are available to assist a person going through an addiction problem by helping the person understand that they are not alone, as well as other individuals who have gone through a similar circumstance.
Some drugs will alleviate the pains associated with withdrawal from heroin or help replace it while a person gets appropriate treatment and can give up the drug completely.
If you or a person you know needs assistance with a heroin dependency, please contact a residential treatment facility right away to get the necessary help you need to become sober and clean from drugs.