There are four substance-related conditions recognized by experts. Substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence are the four recognized substance-related conditions. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these conditions are seen in the context of the substances most frequently linked to them. These substances can be grouped in the following categories:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. The activation of the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures is the effect of taking in central nervous system stimulants. Opioids causes euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures and can be highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. These substances once taken in can result to intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence .
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. Although most people exposed to these kind of substances either experience no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects, some people experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when exposed. A diagnosis of other substance-related disorder are given to these people.
One should be quickly wary whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated . Withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence can often be a result of intoxication that is why signs of intoxication is really alarming. Nevertheless, drug rehab is there to help you deal with abuse and dependence once the intoxication has not been helped.
In order for a drug addicted individual to function well again, drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from drug addiction. The process of drug rehab is one of the important things to consider whenever drug addiction is present. Drug rehab is very useful to help drug dependent individuals. There are different methods in how drug rehab can help drug abusers and drug dependents. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. There are many places where one can get a dose of drug rehab help. There is your local and medical psychiatric societies where one can consult. One can also have an appointment over one’s university medical affiliated programs which are mostly hospital affiliated. There is also a much better way to help an individual regarding his or her search for drug rehab. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. In a health maintenance organization, one has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Substance-related disorders produces many negative effects that is why it is important to know drug rehab.