When one hears the word alcohol addiction, immediately a picture of a man will appear in one’s mind. This is how the pigeonhole of alcohol addiction on each society. However, there is now a change in this kind of stereotype as more and more women are having cases of alcohol addiction. However, there’s still a particular stigma with regards to women and alcohol addiction. Denial always come with this type of stigma. It’s much harder for a woman to admit to alcohol addiction than it is for a man. This is the reason why there is a higher percentage of women than men in terms of death rate.
In terms of the usage of alcohol, women appear to be more vulnerable to many adverse consequences. Regardless of drinking similar amounts of alcohol, women have the capability to get bigger concentrations of alcohol in the blood as compared to men. Research also says that women are more vulnerable than men to alcohol-related organ injury and to trauma resulting from traffic crashes and interpersonal violence. In addition, women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently than men. Generally, women have less body water than men of similar body weight, so that women get higher concentrations of alcohol in the blood after taking in the same amounts of alcohol. In addition, women appear to eliminate alcohol from the blood faster than men. This finding may be explained by women’s higher liver volume per unit lean body mass, because alcohol is metabolized almost entirely in the liver.
What damages does alcohol do to women? After consuming less alcohol and over a shorter period of time, women developed alcohol-induced liver disease easily unlike men. To add, alcoholic hepatitis and death from cirrhosis are more likely to affect women than men. Animal research suggests that women’s increased risk for liver damage may be linked to physiological effects of the female reproductive hormone estrogen.
Many factors have been associated with women’s vulnerability to alcohol addiction. Genetic factor is one of the primary reason that is s aid to cause alcohol addiction. Studies of women who had been adopted at birth have shown a significant association between alcoholism in adoptees and their biological parents. In addition, antisocial personality (e.g., aggressiveness) in biological parents may foresee alcohol addiction in both male and female adoptees. However, possible links between genetic and environmental influences need to be further studied. Moreover, fallouts of a big nationwide study explain that more than 40 percent of persons who initiated drinking beforereaching the age of 15 were diagnosed as alcohol dependent in a certain point in their lives. Rates of lifetime dependence declined to about 10 percent among those who started drinking at age 20 or older. Physical abuse during adulthood has also been associated with women’s alcohol use and related problems. One study found that notably more women undergoing alcoholism treatment experienced severe partner violence (e.g., kicking, punching, or threatening with a weapon) compared with other women in the community.
Alcohol addiction has been mostly linked to men. However, there are currently a growing number of women that has been known to suffer from alcohol addiction